Lesão Iatrogénica Biliar - Resultados de Inquérito Nacional 2005-2007

  • Inês Bessa Interna Complementar, Serviço de Cirurgia Geral, Hospital de Santo António, Portugal
  • Jaime Vilaça Assistente Hospitalar Cirurgia Geral, Centro Hospitalar do Tâmega-Sousa, Portugal
  • F. Castro Sousa Director Serviço de Cirurgia III, Hospitalar Universitário de Coimbra, Portugal; Membro Direcção Capitulo Cirurgia HPB 2008-2009, Sociedade Portuguesa de Cirurgia;
  • Vítor Ribeiro Director Serviço de Cirurgia Geral, Hospital Privado da Boa Nova, Perafita. Portugal; Coordenador Capitulo Cirurgia HPB 2008-2009, Sociedade Portuguesa de Cirurgia


The number and severity of bile duct injuries has increased since the introduction of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. This study determines their incidence, clinical presentation and management in the setting of Portuguese public hospitals, by means of a national inquiry promoted by the HPB chapter of the Portuguese Surgical Society. A 37% response rate was obtained from 29 hospitals having performed collectively 15533 cholecystectomies during a 3 year period. Out of 88 bile duct lesions, calculating an incidence of 0,57%, 10 were minor, due to leakage from the cystic duct. No biliary risk factors were present in 57% of the affected patients. Thirty lesions were recognized intra-operatively (35%), 34 during the first week, and 24 more than a week later. The most common presentation was a fistula (58%). Primary treatment was surgical in 71 patients, endoscopic in 9 and percutaneous (interventional radiology) in 8. Five patients died (5,7%). Almost 2 decades after the first laparoscopic cholecystectomy in Portugal the rate of bile duct injury is still high, treatment remains essentially surgical and fails in approximately one third of cases followed-up for 2,5 years.

Keywords: Cholecystectomy, laparoscopy, iatrogenic, treatment 


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How to Cite
BESSA, Inês et al. Lesão Iatrogénica Biliar - Resultados de Inquérito Nacional 2005-2007. Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia, [S.l.], n. 19, p. 27-34, dec. 2011. ISSN 2183-1165. Available at: <https://revista.spcir.com/index.php/spcir/article/view/65>. Date accessed: 25 feb. 2024.