Damage control in elective surgery. Does it make sense? About a clinical case

  • Pedro Valente Unidade de Cirurgia Hepatobiliopancreática Centro Hospitalar do Tâmega e Sousa, Portugal
  • Tatiana Santos Unidade de Cirurgia Hepatobiliopancreática Centro Hospitalar do Tâmega e Sousa - Portugal
  • Mónica Rocha Unidade de Cirurgia Hepatobiliopancreática Centro Hospitalar do Tâmega e Sousa - Portugal
  • Rui Neves Unidade de Cirurgia Hepatobiliopancreática Centro Hospitalar do Tâmega e Sousa - Portugal
  • Sara Serra Unidade de Cirurgia Hepatobiliopancreática Centro Hospitalar do Tâmega e Sousa - Portugal
  • Jaime Vilaça Unidade de Cirurgia Hepatobiliopancreática Centro Hospitalar do Tâmega e Sousa - Portugal

Abstract

Damage control surgery is one of the major advances in surgical technique in the past 20 years.
The concept has developed in the trauma surgery context. It consists on the management of unstable patients in a fast, efficient and provisional way. The objective is an haemorrhage control, limiting contamination, and temporary closure of the abdomen. The defi- nitive repair is performed after patient stabilization.
Recently, the concept of damage control surgery has been extended beyond the trauma context. There are few and only non randomi- zed studies about that, but it is the beginning of a new concept in surgical rationale.
Using a clinical case report, the authors show that major surgery can be complicated with metabolic and hemodynamic failure of the patient, and because it is associated with high mortality rates, the surgeon must need to understand and use the concept of damage control approach in elective surgery, always associated with good surgical sense.

Keywords: Damage control surgery, Abbreviated laparotomy, Elective surgery, Trauma, Lethal triad. Surgical complications 

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References

Bowley DMG, Barker P and Boffard KD: Damage Control Surgery – Concepts and Pratice. J R Army Corps 2000; 146: 176-182

Shapiro MB, Jenkins DH, Schwab CW, Rotondo MF: Damage Control: Collective Review. J Trauma 2000; 49: 969-978

Matsumoto H, Mashiko K, Sakamoto Y, Kutsukata N, Hara Y, Yokota H: A New Look at Criteria for Damage Control Surgery. J Nippon Med Sch 2010; 77: 18-20.

Stawicki SP, Brooks A, Bilski T et al : The concept of damage control: Extending the paradigm to emergency general surgery. Injury Int J Care Injured 2008 ; 89 : 98-101.

Morgan K, Mansker D, Adams DB et al: Not Just for Trauma Patients: Damage Control Laparotomy in Pancreatic Surgery. J Gastrointest Surg 2010 ; 14:768-772
Published
2013-03-18
How to Cite
VALENTE, Pedro et al. Damage control in elective surgery. Does it make sense? About a clinical case. Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia, [S.l.], n. 24, p. 83-87, mar. 2013. ISSN 2183-1165. Available at: <https://revista.spcir.com/index.php/spcir/article/view/17>. Date accessed: 21 may 2024.
Section
Clinical Case