WOMEN REPRESENTATION IN PORTUGUESE SURGERY SOCIETY CONGRESS DURING THE LAST DECADE. WHAT’S TO BE EXPECTED?

Abstract

In Portugal, as more women enter into Medicine, increases the women representation in the most prestigious organizations and meetings of various medical specialties. In Portugal, the scientific meeting considered most important in General Surgery specialty is the National Surgery Congress, which takes place annually, organized by Portuguese Surgery Society. It was analyzed the women representation in this congress between 2010 and 2019. In a decade, the proportion of women surgeons ranged from 21% to 35% of all surgeons. During this time, they represent 20.7% of the invited congress panelists. Women represented 23.9% of participants in moderating free paper session of the congress and 27% of the monitors of pre-congress courses. In round tables and conferences, women´s participation was 17.5% as a panelist. Only 4 women chaired the round tables and conferences, which corresponded to 4.1% of all chairs. Comparing the first five years and the last five years, there was a statistically significant difference in global women participation (p<0.0001), in participation as moderator of free paper session (p<0.0001), in participation as moderator of round tables and conferences (p=0.0049), in participation as coordinator of pre-congress courses (p=0.0068) and in participation in pre-congress courses as monitor (p=0.0018). Minority female representation in the specialty and in this particular scientific event is confirmed. However, the most recent evolution suggests that the female representation in these scientific meetings will follow the demographic gender evolution in the General Surgery specialty. 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

1. Wilcox AR, Trooboff SW, Lai CS, Turner PL, Wong SL. Trends in Gender Representation at the American College of Surgeons Clinical Congress and the Academic Surgical Congress: A Mixed Picture of Progress. J Am Coll Surg. 2019;229(4):397‐403.
2. Mayer EN, Lenherr SM, Hanson HA, Jessop TC, Lowrance WT. Gender Differences in Publication Productivity Among Academic Urologists in the United States. Urology. 2017;103:39‐46.
3. Jagsi R, Guancial EA, Worobey CC, Henault LE, Chang Y, Starr R, et al. The "gender gap" in authorship of academic medical literature--a 35-year perspective. N Engl J Med. 2006;355(3):281‐287.
4. Sleeman KE, Koffman J, Higginson IJ. Leaky pipeline, gender bias, self-selection or all three? A quantitative analysis of gender balance at an international palliative care research conference. BMJ Support Palliat Care. 2019;9(2):146‐148.
5. Moeschler SM, Gali B, Goyal S, Schroeder DR, Jacobson J, Habermann EB, et al. Speaker Gender Representation at the American Society of Anesthesiology Annual Meeting: 2011-2016. Anesth Analg. 2019;129(1):301‐305.
6. Silver JK, Ghalib R, Poorman JA, Al-Assi D, Parangi S, Bhargava H, et al. Analysis of Gender Equity in Leadership of Physician-Focused Medical Specialty Societies, 2008-2017. JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(3):433‐435.
7. Thomson A, Horne R, Chung C, Marta M, Giovannoni G, Palace J, et al. Visibility and representation of women in multiple sclerosis research. Neurology. 2019;92(15):713‐719.
8. Mehta S, Rose L, Cook D, Herridge M, Owais S, Metaxa V. The Speaker Gender Gap at Critical Care Conferences. Crit Care Med. 2018;46(6):991‐996.

9. Ruzycki SM, Fletcher S, Earp M, Bharwani A, Lithgow KC. Trends in the Proportion of Female Speakers at Medical Conferences in the United States and in Canada, 2007 to 2017. JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192103. Published 2019 Apr 5.
10. Association of American Medical Colleges. Workforce data and reports: 2016 physician specialty data report. https://www.aamc.org/data/workforce/reports/. Accessed January 10, 2020.
11. Canadian Medical Association. Number and percent distribution of physicians by specialty and sex, Canada 2018. https://www.cma.ca/number-and-percent-physicians-specialty-and-sex-canada-2018. Accessed January 13, 2020.
12. Wilcox AR, Trooboff SW, Lai CS, Turner PL, Wong SL. Trends in Gender Representation at the American College of Surgeons Clinical Congress and the Academic Surgical Congress: A Mixed Picture of Progress. J Am Coll Surg. 2019;229(4):397‐403.
13. koester S. Male-dominated panels still rule conferences, study finds. Reuters. Available at Published2018.https://www.reuters.article.com/article/us-eu-gender-report/male-dominated-panels-still-rule-conferences-study-finds-iduskcn lgj3ab. Accessed April 10, 2019
14. Fadel L, Survey finds nearly 70 percent of event speaker are men. NPR. Available at: Published 2018. https://www.npr.org/2018/11/01/663012390/survey-sugests-manels-all-male-panels-are-still-the-norme. Accessed April 10, 2019
15. Clayton A, O’Brien DZ, Piscopo JM. All Male Panels? Representation and Democratic Legitimacy. Am J Pol Sci 2019; 63:113-129.
16. Guidelines for inclusion of women, minorities, and persons with disabilities in NIH-supported conference grants. Available at: https://grants.nih.Gov/grants/guide/notice-files/notod-03066.html. Accessed April 10, 2019
17. Royal College of Surgeons of England. Statistics. http://surgicalcareers.rcseng.ac.uk/wins/statistics
18. Bellini MI, Graham Y, Hayes C, Zakeri R, Parks R, Papalois V. A woman's place is in theatre: women's perceptions and experiences of working in surgery from the Association of Surgeons of Great Britain and Ireland women in surgery working group. BMJ Open. 2019;9(1):e024349.
19. American Surgical Association. Ensuring Equity, Diversity, and Inclusion in Academic Surgery. Available at: http://americansurgical.org/equity/. Accessed June 11, 2019.
Published
2021-01-20
How to Cite
AZEVEDO, Ana; SOUSA, Fabiana. WOMEN REPRESENTATION IN PORTUGUESE SURGERY SOCIETY CONGRESS DURING THE LAST DECADE. WHAT’S TO BE EXPECTED?. Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia, [S.l.], n. 49, p. 34-40, jan. 2021. ISSN 2183-1165. Available at: <https://revista.spcir.com/index.php/spcir/article/view/800>. Date accessed: 22 june 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.34635/rpc.800.
Section
Original Papers